IV. IMCOFE Roma - Florence Tour
IMCOFE social trip: Florence tour
Florence Firenze Comune Comune di Firenze A collage of Florence showing the Galleria degli Uffizi (top left), followed by the Palazzo Pitti, a sunset view of the city and the Fountain of Neptune in the Piazza della Signoria. A collage of Florence showing the Galleria degli Uffizi (top left), followed by the Palazzo Pitti, a sunset view of the city and the Fountain of Neptune in the Piazza della Signoria. Flag of Florence Flag Coat of arms of Florence Coat of arms Florence is located in Tuscany FlorenceFlorence Location of Florence in Tuscany Show map of Tuscany Show map of Italy Show map of Europe Show all Coordinates: 43°47′N 11°15′ECoordinates: 43°47′N 11°15′E Country Italy Region Flag of Tuscany.svg Tuscany Metropolitan city Florence (FI) Government • Mayor Dario Nardella (PD) Area • Total 102.41 km2 (39.54 sq mi) Elevation 50 m (160 ft) Population (30 June 2016) • Total 383,083 • Density 3,700/km2 (9,700/sq mi) Demonym(s) Fiorentino (man), Fiorentini (men), Fiorentina (woman), Fiorentine (women) Time zone CET (UTC+1) • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Postal code 50121–50145 Dialing code 055 ISTAT code 048017 Patron saint John the Baptist Saint day 24 June Website Official website Florence (/ˈflɒrəns/ FLOR-əns; Italian: Firenze [fiˈrɛntse] (About this sound listen)) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with 383,083 inhabitants in 2013, and over 1,520,000 in its metropolitan area. Florence was a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of that era. It is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has been called "the Athens of the Middle Ages". A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family and numerous religious and republican revolutions. From 1865 to 1871 the city was the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy.
The Florentine dialect forms the base of Standard Italian and it became the language of culture throughout Italy due to the prestige of the masterpieces by Dante Alighieri, Petrarch, Giovanni Boccaccio, Niccolò Machiavelli and Francesco Guicciardini. The city attracts millions of tourists each year, and the Historic Centre of Florence was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982. The city is noted for its culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments. The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and the Palazzo Pitti, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture and politics. Due to Florence's artistic and architectural heritage, it has been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
Florence is an important city in Italian fashion, being ranked in the top 15 fashion capitals of the world; furthermore, it is a major national economic centre, as well as a tourist and industrial hub. In 2008, the city had the 17th highest average income in Italy.